Since age and other lifestyle factors are important for screenings, it’s best to talk to your healthcare professional about these and other tests to determine which ones are right for you. You may need certain tests earlier or more often than recommended for your age group if you are at a higher than average risk.
- Body Mass Index (BMI). The higher the BMI (calculated from your height and weight), the greater the risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke and some cancers.
- Blood Glucose (Sugar). High levels indicate risk for diabetes and an increased risk for heart disease and stroke.
- Blood Pressure (BP). High blood pressure increases risks for heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and kidney disease.
- Breast Exam. An exam of your breasts for lumps or unusual changes by a healthcare professional.
- Cholesterol Test (Blood Lipid Profile). High cholesterol increases risk for heart disease and stroke.
- Colon Cancer Testing. These tests can either prevent colon cancer or find it early.
- Mammogram. An x-ray used to help find breast cancer early in women without any symptoms.
- Pap Test. Collecting cells from a woman’s cervix to see if abnormal cells are present.
Numerous studies have shown that type 2 diabetes and other serious diseases that affect women can be prevented through lifestyle changes such as moderate weight loss and increased daily physical activity.
To find out more, visit the American Diabetes Association at www.diabetes.org or 800-DIABETES.